'Emerald” The name comes from the french word “esmeralde” which comes from the greek word “Smaragdos” meaning “green stone” These precious stones range in their colours and clarities and colours and no emerald in the world is the same as any other emerald out there just like the fingerprints of each individual on this planet. For these reasons emeralds are hard to estimate and therefore they are just like art pictures, which can range from different prices depending on who falls in love with one of them. Emeralds also have slightly different colours, but always including their main colour green. Colombian emeralds are desired for their deep green colour and varieties which can range from yellowish, bluish, and of course very deep green; Zambian emeralds are popular for their bluish colour. Brazilian emeralds tend to have a yellowish colour to them, the down side of emeralds is their hardness which tends to be moderate.
Testing and identifying an emerald
When identifying an emerald the best way is to test its density and hardness. While emeralds are harder than other beryls such as quartz and sapphires they are more fragile and softer. Bitting, hitting, throwing or trying to test hardness through force are the worst ways to test an emerald and would damage the emerald. If you are shopping for an emerald you might not be able to test for density but trying to see it through natural daylight could be the best way to identify for inclusions which almost all emeralds have. Emeralds with funny names, cheap prices and very clear can all possibly be fake.. 'synthetic', 'created', 'lab' or names that resemble something else are possible fake emeralds. When an emerald is treated with oils or resin it does not mean they are fake, it simply is a treatment to help the emerald with its deformities which can include cracks and fissures.
Emerald mining has been known to exist long before Cleopatra. Egyptians and kings throughout history have been using emeralds for their precious jewellery. Emerald mines are almost all over the world from South Africa, Zimbabwe, Russia, Afghanistan, Austria, India, Pakistan,United States, Brazil, Colombia and few other countries. Colombia is the international centre of emerald mining and one of its most important emerald mines is Muzo, northern of its capital Bogota. Its emeralds come in deep green colours and of very high qualities making it the biggest and most popular exporter of emeralds; Brazil is also a big exporter of emeralds but their emeralds tend to be lighter than those of Colombia, nonetheless Brazilian emeralds have very good qualities as well and are desirable for their yellowish color; In South African mines Cobra and Somerset only five percent of the emeralds mined here are of good quality; Zimbabwe is the 3rd highest exporter of emeralds and while they are of good quality they tend to be found in very small sizes and are very popular for their bluish color; Russian emerald are mined north of Sverdlovsk and good quality emeralds are rare. But most emerald deposits contain emeralds that sometimes cannot be cut or could break, come very cloudy, of low qualities and sometimes hard to find.
Buying an Emerald
Colour and Terms
Colour is the main benefactor when it comes to buying an emerald. Emeralds come in green colour with a combination of slight yellowish or bluish colour to it. Vivid saturation, dark tone and a bluish colour to it makes an emerald very popular but too much blue and its value can drop dramatically. When you buy an emerald that says “Colombian emerald” this refers to an emerald of high quality which is vivid, bluish, medium dark in color. Its origin would most likely be from Colombia but it is not always the case, it could be mined from Zimbabwe and still be called “Colombian Emerald” if its got all these characteristics. If the emerald is lighter its term would be “brazilian Emerald”
Emeralds range from cloudy to transparent beryls, when looking at an emerald its transparency becomes a very desirable character and therefore more valuable. With emeralds expecting flaws and inclusions is tolerable and should not impact it on a negative way unlike any other gemstone. These inclusions and flaws can be a sort of fingerprint of the stone and assures you that it is indeed a real emerald. If there are no inclusions in the emerald it is considered flawless and it would mean it is of a very high value. To check for inclusions and see if its flawless it is done with the naked eye unlike other stones.
Emeralds are cut in several shapes such as oval, round, pear, emerald-cut, these cuts allow for maximum beauty as well to protect it from stresses, beads and cabochon are shapes made when the emerald is of a lower grade. But higher grade can have very brilliant and beautiful cuts.
Emerald treatment uses resin and oiling this assures that the emerald stability, colour and clarity. When an emerald is treated to make jewellery its enhancement is dramatically improved and it should not have a bad effect if you are purchasing an emerald. Synthetic emeralds are made in emerald labs, they are not real emeralds but can look very beautiful and come with fancy names. Can be purchased for a fraction of what a real emerald would cost and once set into jewellery they can be called “natural” and it is good to ask if they were previously synthetic emeralds.
Similar but not Emeralds